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Adopted NAPs

Grafik von einer Weltkarte zeigt Länder, die bereits einen NAP verabschiedet haben
Source:  iStock.com/Iuliia Konovaliuk

Currently 24 countries have adopted a National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights1. In 2013 the United Kingdom became the first country to adopt an NAP; the Netherlands followed in the same year. In the years after that, there was a significant increase in announcements, with seven action plans adopted in 2017 alone.

Most recently Thailand introduced a National Action Plan in October 2019. Countries that have adopted NAPs are notable in terms of their economies, accounting for more than 45% of global gross domestic product (GDP) and over 43% of all global imports2. Those companies and countries that actively participate in and benefit from world trade are exactly the ones that bear a special responsibility for implementing the UN Guiding Principles.

The European Union has so far established measures in various policy frameworks to implement the UN Guiding Principles, including the EU Action Plan for Human Rights and Democracy and the European Consensus on Development.

These countries have already brought out an NAP:

  • Start of the process: 2016
  • Link to original document: still unpublished
  • Year adopted: 2019
1) The start of the process was set according to when the preparation of the NAP started. This includes relevant consultations/conferences or decisions before the first draft NAP was prepared. Official announcements and declarations of intent by governments that are not legally binding do not usually represent the starting point of the process. The periods and information given here refer to the first publication of a NAP in order to make comparisons between countries possible. In some countries the development of follow-up NAPs has already begun and newer versions of NAPs have been published. 2) cf. The Danish Institute For Human Rights, National action plans on business and human rights: An analysis of plans from 2013-2018, online.
3) This country has a National Action Plan on Human Rights; the subject of business and human rights is dealt with in one of the chapters.
4) This country has a National Action Plan for Human Rights; the issue of business and human rights is dealt with in one of the chapters.

NAP In­ter­na­tion­al

The UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, which were adopted by consensus by the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2011, are based on three pillars:

NAPs un­der de­vel­op­ment

Currently, 16 countries are developing a NAPs on business and human rights.